Through many replication attempts in recent years, it has been shown that more research results than expected cannot be replicated, i.e. effects could not be found in independent observations despite the same underlying experimental procedures. This concerns foremost research in psychology, medicine, life sciences, and related disciplines but has implications for other research areas as well.

The reasons for the "replication crisis" are manifold.

Among them are the incorrect use and reporting of statistical methods, selective publication of desired results due to faulty incentive and publication structures, or the lack of publication of original data, which complicates control functions of the scientific system. To address these problems, several solutions have been proposed that can be implemented at different levels of the scientific process. These include, for example, publishing all original data, study materials, and analysis code, reinforcing the incorporation of good scientific practices into teaching, and changing incentive structures (such as through awards or recognition of these practices in hiring).

Together these are subsumed as “Open Science”.

Science has a replication and reputation problem

How can we address the future demands?

Scroll to Top